And if you move attentively along all these roads, the color of its soil will never surprise you because it will gradually shade from a yellowish hue to a tint like tan, like the drop of coffee which has stained your milk in the morning, and then become browner and then redder and then brown again when you approach the hills of Castiglioncello. And it is here that the extraordinary viticultural adventure of this terrain began, was transformed, in a few decades, from an ordinary, even unhealthy spot due to malaria-carrying mosquitoes, to a celebrated, desired, and sought after one. A magic place which has given a sense to human efforts, which has repaid, quite abundantly, their toil; earth which mixes and amalgamates soils distant and opposed to one another, from the land and from the sea, creating a unique and original mixture of elements.
The power of the LAND
The energy of the FIRE
It lies in waiting for you a few kilometers before in order to introduce you little by little to this unique and unusual environment. It is a complex and complicated reality to understand because it is necessary to put into place that series of factors which are only to be found here. We would have preferred not to speak of sums of temperatures of climatic indexes which fill pages and pages of magazines or brochures, but I fear that we are going to be obliged to do so, even if what interests us is what the sun transmits to this corner of Tuscany which is more the qualitative than the quantitative aspect. Accordingly, let us immediately take the bull by the horns and talk about climatic indexes: Winkler’s, which measures the sum of average temperatures above 10° centigrade (50° Fahrenheit) from April 1st to September 30th, substantially speaking those which are useful to the physiological functioning of the vine, and Huglin’s, which measures, the sum of the average temperatures, which are then added to the sum of maximum temperatures from 10° to 35° centigrade (50°-95° Fahrenheit) during the same period.
In harmony with the SEA
You immediately sense its presence because the sky is always bluer here, only rarely do clouds appear, and your eyes never find obstacles and interruptions but always more and finer light. The sea is not there, however, merely to give a stronger and sharper light, because it is an enormous reservoir which transmits and regulates the temperature of the entire seacoast. During the summer it captures the heat of the sun, subtracting it from the interior terrain, preventing temperatures from rising becoming torrid, while during the winter it gives warmth back to the soil, preventing it from becoming too cold and harming the flora and fauna which make this landscape of this place unique, incomparable, and sublime. The sea is also capable of influencing the rains which will bathe the soil of Bolgheri: the quantity, the intensity, and the period in which it will follow. Let us immediately state that little rain falls on Bolgheri, less than half than the Italian national average, approximately 60 centimeters (24 inches) annually, 60% during the winter and a mere 40% during the spring and summer months.
The smell of the AIR
The most important, because continuous and tireless, is the sea with its daytime and nighttime breezes. During the night the cooler air from the hillsides flows towards the valley floors and then moves westward towards the sea, pressing down on the waves and leaving the surface flat and immobile; for this reason we find a morning sea calm and flat. But then, as the sun rises, in a short space of time the ground air begin to warm up and rise, leaving space for the fresh air currents form the sea to move eastwards, towards the terra firma, drying the morning dew but bringing with a bit of humidity which will condense during the night, bringing freshness and relief to the leaves of the vines. This play of daytime heat and nighttime freshness is providential for the vines because it will allow the berries to the grapes to accumulate fragrance without losing it to a continuous and extreme daytime heat.